History of Latin America Essay
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Sample Essay on History of Latin America
When giving the history of Latin American, “Latin America” is usually the one of the main concepts in the basic themes of its historical background. This concept raises a lot of question as to whether it is adequate for a continent that is holds both non-Spanish and non-Portuguese natives. What makes Latin America a concept in the history of Latin American are the occurrences that took place after the wars of independence. With the political independence in Portugal and in Spain, many indigenous groups moved to Latin America as there were a lot of resources for the big numbers. However, this big number later posed as a risk to the natural resources and thus there was pressure on the distribution of the resources which is the case even today. Internal tension was created due to land grabbing by the indigenous groups that arrived later.
During the wars of independence, Latin America received very minimal material support from any countries. The outcome of the war was dependent on the place of action as some places were mostly affected than others. There has always been a debate about what wars of independence signified and what where the outcomes or impacts. There were several visible outcomes of the wars such as the changes in the patterns of mobility, and this included both physical and social. Those who supported the wrong side or found themselves in agreement with the wrong side would have their properties grabbed and even destroyed. When the locals were asked what the outcome of the wars of independence was, all they could identify was the renaming of the nation-states. With the common historical background, one would wonder why there was nation-state fragmentation in the United States. Latin America did not give any indication of an integrated continent.
Another outcome of the wars of independence was the opening of new markets for locally manufactured products. Monopoly had ruled the continent and with its end came free trade relations with other countries. When the wars of independence started, trade had almost come to a standstill and especially with the eradication of slave trading. However, there were places that did not have pressure and thus the harbors were filled with foreigners and there were products provided to those who lived on the subcontinent. Free trade in Latin America came as a result of pressure from the local powerholders and even from the producers of major commodities. However, data that can be received on the balance of trade shows that Latin America did not have a lot of commodities for export. This was mainly because the rich countries, such as Western Europe and United States traded amongst themselves and left out the poor countries.
With the gain of independence, the same powerholders administered their interest and the indigenous groups had less or no say in the administration of the republican states. The voting numbers only included those men who had a high status and were literate in the states. This meant that only 5-10 percent of the men were allowed to vote. Women were not given this chance as they were referred to as minors. This actually shows that since the early ages, there was gender inequality. When it came to religious matters, there were differences when it came to the church creed. However, Catholism was then main provider of spiritual benefits. That is why until today most of Latin America is dominated by a catholic religion. There may be a lot of stories on what happened during the wars of independence, but Latin America is surrounded by a lot of activities that made it what it is today.