Research Paper on Adoption
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Free Research Paper on Adoption
Society has gone through changes but many of the foundations of the adoption system are related to how the world was. The matter in which children are adopted is still based on primitive ideas of the past. Forty years ago, the idea of a single mother was an unthinkable and shameful situation. Women were expected to be proper and wait for marriage before making love to a man. The social opinions were important and life altering at that period. Society has conformed to a less conservative outlook over the past years. The opinions of other people is not relevant in the twenty first century, people do as they please with no concern of others judgments. Along with the change of how people think, a change in the system should be required. In the past closed adoption was used to protect the birth mother’s name and not bring shame to the baby. In this new time woman, more often give up a baby because of money issues or age, not for the fear of gossip. All adoptions should be performed in an open adoption system. Open adoption provides a solution to the emotion distress involved in adoption and has more good aspects then that of closed adoption.
Closed adoption is an impersonal trade-off of a new born from the birth mother to a doctor or lawyer then passed to its new adoptive family. There is no interaction between adoptive parents and birthparents, making the situation cold and worrisome.(Rappaport) The birthmother does not know the fate of her child, whether he or she will be treated well, or that these people are the right people to raise her child. Questions will arise for the woman who gave away a piece of herself but no reassuring answers are given in the closed adoption system. In the process, there is a mediator, or a person who is the only contact for the adoptive parents to find out information. Anything that the adoptive parents needed to know is relay through a social worker or lawyer depending on how the adoption is taking place.(Rappaport 30) When the baby is born, this ‘middle man’ will inform the adoptive parents and arrange the time and location for pick-up. In this situation, it seems as though there is being an exchange of a lifeless object, which is why closed adoption is not a healthy adoption system for children.
Children who are adopted using the closed adoption style are left with multiple questions. The adoptive children have a lack of identity and are kept in the dark regarding where they came from. “The search for identity is an essential, inescapable part of life. As children, we ask our parents questions about where we came from, who we look like, why we’re short or blond or freckled” (Pertman 78). The way that the closed adoption system works prevents the child from contact with or even obtaining information about his or her birth parents. As children grow up and become more conscious of life they wonder, why things are a certain way and how or where did they come about existing. The multiple questions create a difficult atmosphere for the adoptive parents. There is no easy way to approach the issue of adoption with a child that feels it was abandoned because it was ugly or bad (McKelvey 153). Adoptive parents in a closed adoption do not have the ability to answer those pressing questions, which causes even more confusion for the child. A child who has no answers to their own background will create their own past, there parents could be movie stars or an evil family who did not love him or her, the imagination is endless. (McKelvey 154)
Everyone involved in a closed adoption gets hurt; it is a harsh, unnecessary system. In open adoption the processes involves the two families working together. The birthmother in an open adoption is able to choose or evaluate who she wants to take care of her baby. A mother wants to make sure that her child will be properly taken care. Similar people would be the best bet for choosing adoptive parents. Birthmothers’ picking the future family is a new adoption concept, but it solves a few problems involved in closed adoption.
The contact between families helps benefit the child’s future. Through researches that have taken place some supportive evidence has been discovered, “children who had contact with birthparents were rated more favorably in terms of behavior by their adoptive parents then children who had no contact with birth parents” (Brodzinsky 83). In open adoption, the birth parents have a chance to be a part of their baby’s life for as long and as often as they choose (Moe 24). Both families decided on the amount of contact that there would be between the baby and his or her birth parents. The emotional stability and combined support from both families create the best adoption system.
There are multiple options for families today who cannot deal with the stresses of a new child (unexpected child) or do not have the money. Adoption is an old process that provides a solution to a complicated situation. It is a way to help the birthmother give her child a decent future. The choices that the birthmother makes will affect the child’s life. Adopted children have the right to know who they are and where they came from. More importantly, they need to know their birthparents’ family medical history so they can be aware of any types of illness that they may be prone to run in the family. Open adoption is a way to keep communication with all of the parties involved in the adoption, making the situation aware and not hidden away like a dark secret. The open adoption provides more answers and comfort for a growing child, which helps all those involved in the adoption. Children are the main concern during the adoption processes and children benefit most in an open adoption.