Research Proposal on Blueprint
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Example Research Proposal on Blueprint
All living things are made up of DNA. DNA is the blueprint for all the characteristics that appear in a living thing. Each DNA is made up of parts, called genes, that each hold specific instructions that make each living thing unique. The genes are what determine the characteristics that make each living thing. Of course, genes are not perfect. This topic has recently become a very popular one among food producers and farmers. For ages, farmers have been thinking of ways to make their crops grow better and healthier. The use of pesticides was started for this reason. Until recently, pesticides and preservatives were the only way for farmers to deliver farm-fresh produce to the public. That’s where the genes and DNA came in.
Scientists have recently figured out a way to change the function or alter the genes of certain crops. By injecting crops with enzymes or genes of other living specimens, scientists can change the actual characteristics of the crops. In other words, they can cut out undesired characteristics or bring about new ones in the foods. This process of gene/DNA-alteration is called biotechnology. It is called biotechnology because it is the process of using technology to improve nature. The most famous biotech crop is the Flavr Savr Tomato. Tomatoes have a relatively soft outer skin, which makes them bruise and damage easily. With the Flavr Savr, scientists engineered the new tomato plants in a way that made them have a tougher outer skin. This made them easier to transport and store.
Scientists have also worked with other crops to improve them. Corn, rice, and soybeans have become very important biotech crops. Corn that won’t be eaten by pests and can be grown year round would benefit farmers and the public alike. With increased amounts of product and more sales, the price of corn would go down. Rice that can be enriched with vitamins and minerals would help children in third-world countries. The children would eat the rice, but get the benefits of eating a supply of all their necessary nutrients. There are many benefits to biotechnology and genetically modifying foods (these foods are sometimes called GMO). But, there are still many opponents to this new way of growing food.
People fear that bio engineered food is not safe, despite claims by the United Stated Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that say they are. The FDA claims that methods of altering crops have been in existence for hundreds of years.
They say that farmers have always crossbred and propagated plants to achieve desired results. The FDA says that these foods now are no different and are safe to eat. Still, some people are not convinced. There is strong opposition to these foods, both in the United States and in Europe. Some companies that use GMO products use GMO produce that has been treated with antibiotics. Consumers fear that increased use of antibiotics will cause them to develop antibiotic resistance. Not only that, but the diseases for which the antibiotics are meant might also develop resistance to them. If this were to happen, there could be major problems in the future.
Many groups and organizations have formed to inform the public of the risks of GMO foods. Besides the antibiotic resistance, people also fear allergies from GMO foods. Enzymes are proteins, and proteins are what people who have food allergies are usually allergic to. If proteins that trigger allergies are used in products that don’t usually contain them, there could be problems. The FDA has established a law that forces companies that produce such foods to warn the public. They must label their foods and state that they contain common allergy trigger proteins. But the FDA does not require other GMO foods to be labeled. This has many people very angry. People who oppose GMO foods say that they want to know what they are eating, and that all GMO foods should clearly be labeled as such. Personally, I am against GMO foods. I believe that what is natural should remain that way, and should not be fooled around with, especially by humans. Nature is so vast and so cleverly developed that we cannot compare to it at all.
The development of biotechnology has had a huge impact on humankind. Soon, the way we eat may be totally changed. Maybe scientists will be able to pack the necessary nutrients of a well-balanced daily diet into one simple food. Or maybe foods will become a thing of the past. Soon, with the help of biotechnology, we may not be eating food at all. We might just swallow a pill in the morning and survive on it all day. There are both benefits and risks to biotechnology.
Changing things that are natural will make them less and less that. But if changing them will make life better, then they should be pursued. There are always two sides to every story, and there is never one that is truly correct.