Research Proposal on Drug Trafficking
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Example Research Proposal on Drug Trafficking
Today’s society appears unprepared for many of the consequences associated with drug use. Legalization of controlled substances may lead to the downfall of mankind. Normal citizens of America demand to live a healthy and productive life. Many of those who frequently use narcotics have destroyed their lives and hopes for future accomplishments. The world continues to constantly fight the war against drugs. These drugs endanger our community and in order to prevent a rise amongst teenagers, society requires multiple modifications.
Over the years, drug users have made it easier for the government to find a reason to keep drugs illegal. If drugs did not go beyond a respectable use, they would have remained legal. Bertolt Brecht feels that, “The law was made for one thing alone, for the exploitation of those who don’t understand it, or are prevented by naked misery from obeying it” (Anderson 15). LSD, Heroin, and MDMA (Ecstasy) stay classified as DEA Schedule I which means that these drugs fall under the categories of having a high potential for abuse, no currently excepted medical use in treatment, and have a lack of accepted safety under medical supervision. Opium and Cocaine, however, stay classified as DEA Schedule II which means that these drugs have a high potential for abuse. They do have a currently accepted medical use in treatment with severe restrictions, but if abused, the drug or other substances may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence (12). Contrary to popular belief, almost 100,000 Americans continue to get arrested for drug charges. Minorities constitute a large amount of these drug offenders. Blacks make up twelve percent of the nation’s population, but account for forty percent of all drug arrests last year” says Zucchino (Zucchino 1). The drug effort against these offenders has put thousands of minorities in jail, yet almost nine million Americans regularly use illegal drugs. Together, Blacks and Hispanics drug users make up only one-third of that, approximately 3.1 million. Some law enforcement officials say that this occurs because they concentrate on dealers, not users. However, two-thirds of the arrest in the United States last year came from possession, not sales (1). A September report by the nonprofit National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (NCIA) in Alexandria, Virginia said, “The so-called war on drugs…is racially biased on all fronts and has made young black men its energy and the entire African American community its victim (1). Bob Martinez, president Bush’s national “drug czar,” said that he thinks it seems easier for police to arrest a street corner dealer in the ghetto, than a suburban yuppie selling from his home (2). No evidence put forth points to Caucasians selling drugs, but sometimes show that whites tend to purchase cocaine and heroin (3). Teenagers also add to the ongoing fight with use of illegal drugs. Narcotics mobilize crime and violence to all people who engage involvement with these dangerous and deadly substances. This problem appears as a worldwide concern to people of all types and ages not just minorities. Plenty of pressures emerged when a teenager matures. Drugs, sex, and new responsibilities lead people to believe that this drives teens to use drugs as a means of escape. “Curiosity is what drives most teens to drugs for the first time,” says Elizabeth Connelly (Connelly 41). Some teenagers may do it to feel independent, to experience something novel and exciting, to fit it, to cope with pressure, or to escape from the loneliness and problems of the modern day. Marshall Elliot puts it in other words:
“One of the legacies of the social upheaval of the 1960′s is that psychoactive drugs have become part of the mainstream of American life. Schools, homes, and communities cannot be “drug proofed.” There is a demand for drugs – and the supply is plentiful. Social norms have changed and drugs are not only available – they are everywhere.
But where efforts to curtail the supply of drugs and outlaw their use have had tragically limited effects on demand, it may be that education has begun to stem the rising tide of drug abuse among young people and adults alike” (Marshall 9).
In additions to these points, billions of dollars are spent every year by the government to prevent the spread of illegal drugs.
Money serves as a major factor in the war on drugs. The money that results from drug trafficking seems a primary reason why controlling illegal drugs, or banning them in that case, poses as a difficult task. Swisher also states that in order for drug traffickers to cover up their illegal actions from U.S. law enforcement, they must either smuggle the money out of the country or “launder” it (13). Ted Gottfried says, “The United States spends “$50 billion per year in federal and state budgets” combined to fight the spread of illegal drugs” (Gottfried 17). Advertising has yet to show a result in lowering drug use among young people. These substances prove not only highly expensive but highly addictive as well. Since its effects feel so good, cocaine continues to appear the most highly addictive drug. Elizabeth Connelly says, “The effects of crack are more harmful when smoked, it reaches the brain in a matter of seconds, and there is an instant high. Because it acts so quickly and so potently, crack is much more psychologically addictive than ordinary cocaine” (Gottfried 35). Unlike cocaine, Ecstasy depletes serotonin, which affects mood, eating habits and sleeping, aggressive behavior, thinking processes, sexual function, and sensitivity to pain (Connelly 51). Although many of the users may not think so, Marijuana does have an effect on memory and motor skills. Heavy use of this drug can make it harder to learn, interfering with education (Marshall 83). Marijuana exists as a gateway drug and today, it poses as the most popular and most widely used drug. People can easily abuse and overdose on prescription drugs as well. Jay Cohen of Newsweek magazine says, “Physicians and patients should look beyond the guidelines recommended by drug manufacturers” (Cohen 1). Some doctors prescribe drugs to certain people that cannot tolerate the amount listen to take. Fortunately, for the safety and well-being of our society, drugs remain classified as having no use in the medical field (Robson 92, 119, 142, 183). The main problem about drugs today seems to constitute that people abuse them. They make themselves victims of addiction and physical dependence. All of these drugs addicts not only suffer the dangerous consequences of the drug itself, but suffer the horrific ramifications of the United States law enforcement.
Drug users may get away with their illegal actions for their entire life. However, those who do get caught, have to pay the consequences. The first offense for any quantity of any drug, except for marijuana, includes not more than twenty years in a federal state prison. If death of serious injury, not less than twenty years, not more than life. Lastly, the fine for this offense is one million individually, and 5 million not individually. The second offense includes not more than thirty years in a federal state prison. If death or serious injury is involved, life. The fine for the second offense is two million individually, and ten million not individually (16). Penalties do not always have to associate with law enforcement. They can involve family and most importantly, children. If a pregnant women abuses drugs while impregnated, the result could form a baby born with a serious drug addiction. Drug babies, when born, stay placed in a Dark Room. This protects them from sounds and lights which may harm them severely (Fitten 1). Ronald Fitten, a reporter from The Seattle Times, says, “Drug babies are particularly sensitive to sounds and light, and sometimes even irritated by the sight of a human face” (1). Fitten says, “Sometimes understanding can only be acquired through experience, through the immediate demands of some unfortunate dilemma. And sometimes it simply requires one to look at life through the needle’s eye” (3). Right now in the United States, drunk driving poses as a serious problem that has yet to cease. Society cannot legalize drugs, when they cannot even control drunk drivers (“The Founding Fathers” 1). Alfonse Amato believes that legalization would lead to more crime and violence; more drug addiction; more families destroyed; more drug babies; more drug-related accidents; and more dropouts from our schools (Amato 19). Preventing today’s youth from ever trying drugs in the first place looks like another way to win the war (19). The fact that drugs remain illegal turns users into criminals. Drugs can kill people too often.
Drugs endanger our community. Those who abuse them learn that drugs not only hurt them emotionally, but they hurt them financially as well. While the majority of our society agrees that drug trafficking and drug use must come to an end, the methods used to stop it appear a nationwide controversy in the United States.